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The Guilleries

The   Guilleries is a mountain territory placed between the provinces of Girona and   Barcelona.   Its name means “land of foxes” due to the high density of this carnivores   that used to inhabit the area. Although the foxes have been intensely hunted   during many years, there are still a lot of them here.

Guilla (Vulpes vulpes)

rio Ter

Pantà de Susqueda

This is a very humid area, with abundant rainfalls during fall and springtime. Crossing the forests there are many streams and springs, with plenty of waterfalls, that end up in the Ter river. The Ter river has been dammed, creating the reservoirs of Sau, Susqueda and Pasteral.

The massif of Guilleries has very dense forests and rich vegetation. There are many protected species and some places are protected by the PEIN program, due to its special interest.


In the shady lower part of the mountains you can find trees with broad flat leaves together with cork oaks (Quercus suber). Higher up is the territory of the chestnut trees (Castanea sativa), which was once introduced by the Romans and now is the dominant species in this area. Even higher you can find pine (Pinus sp), cedar (Cedrus atlantica) and other coniferous trees.


In the sunny parts, the evergreen oak (Quercus hilex) forms very dense forests with lianes like the honeysuckle (Lonicera implexa) and the common smilax (Smilax aspera) underneath the bushes like the laurustinus (Viburnum tinus), the arbutus (Arbutus unedo) and the butcher’s broom (Erica arborea).

arboç (Arbutus unedo)

alzinar muntanyenc (Quercus ilex)

castanyers (Castanea sativa)

colors a la tardor

cedres (Cedrus atlantica)

Many species live among the dense vegetation like the alpine accentor (Prunella collaris), the wild boar (Sus scrofa), the fox (Vulpes vulpes), the genet (Genetta genetta), the badger (Meles meles) and the red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris).

At the cliffs you can see the eagle owl (Bubo bubo), the chough (Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax) and the golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos).

In the streams live the barbell fish (Barbus sp.), the long finned eel (Anguilla anguilla), the endangered pyrenean brook salamander (Euproctus asper), together with some common animals like the monpelier snake (Malpolon monspessulanus) and even the mediterranean pond turtle (Mauremys leprosa).

senglar (Sus scrofa)

geneta (Genetta genetta)

duc (Bubo bubo)

Salamandra

 teixó (Meles meles)

bandolers Humans have lived here since very long ago. There were settlements during the Palaeolithic, Neolithic and the Iberian culture as well as during the time of the Romans. During the war periods against France the inhabitants of the mountains were usually bandits like the well known Joan Sala, known as Serrallonga. bandolers
The richness of vegetation, the dramatic contrasts, the presence of water and the quietness and silence together with the tasty typical food make the Guilleries a very attractive place to visit.  
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